Lectures 90 hours; Project Work 20 hours; Practicals/ Site Visits 10 hours; Private Study 90 hours

Module Aim:

The aims of this module are: to develop an understanding of the concepts of hydraulics; to equip students to solve problems in hydraulics; to prepare the students for further study in the area of hydraulic engineering, where fundamental principles can be applied in a practical way

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this module the learner should be able to:

LO1

Describe & examine (a) the properties of fluids (b) the scientific laws of fluids at rest. (c) the different flow characteristics & the concepts of fluids in motion. (d) the different types of flow measurement devices. (e) Newtonâ€™s Laws of Motion.

LO2

Derive & apply (a) expressions from the scientific laws of fluids at rest, to engineering problems, specifying underlying assumptions & limitations. (b) expressions from the concepts of fluids in motion, to broadly- defined engineering problems, specifying underlying assumptions & limitations (c) expressions for flow measurement devices, to broadly- defined engineering problems, specifying underlying assumptions & limitations. (d) the energy equation to broadly-defined pipeline problems, specifying underlying assumptions & limitations.

LO3

Derive, apply & estimate the flow-rate to broadly-defined open channel problems, specifying underlying assumptions & limitations.

LO4

Derive, apply & analyse (a) the flow in broadly-defined pipe network problems, specifying underlying assumptions & limitations. (b) the flow in broadly-defined pumped system problems, specifying underlying assumptions & limitations.

LO5

Carry out tests and analyse & interpret data on fluids & hydraulic structures.

LO6

Use appropriate software tools to present findings from tests on fluids & hydraulic structures.

Pre-requisite learning

Module Recommendations

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is recommended before enrolment in this module.

No recommendations listed

Incompatible Modules

These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module.

No incompatible modules listed

Co-requisite Modules

No Co-requisite modules listed

Requirements

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed.

Bachelor of Engineering (Ordinary) in Civil Engineering

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content

Fluid Properties

(a) Fluids Vs Solids
(b) Newtonian & Non-Newtonian Fluids
(c) Properties of Fluids

Statics

(a) Pascal's Law
(b) Pressure measurement using manometers
(c) Forces on Submerged Surfaces

Fluid Dynamics

(a) Flow Characteristics
(b) Streamlines & Streamtubes
(c) Fluids in Motion- Conservation of Mass, Energy and Momentum
(d) Venturimeters & Orifices
(e) Weirs and Notches

(a) Ideal fluid flow in a piped system
(b) Real Fluid flow in a piped system
(c) Frictional head losses
(d) Local Head losses

Open Channel Flow

(a) Types of Flow
(b) Properties of Open Channels
(c) Fundamental Equations (Conservation of Mass, Energy & Momentum)
(d) Velocity Distribution in Open Channels
(e) Laminar and Turbulent Flow
(f) Critical, sub-critical and super-critical flow
(g) Froude Number
(h) Uniform Flow: (i) Application of Energy equation for Rapidly Varied Flow; (ii) Application of Momentum equation for Rapidly Varied Flow
(i) Gradually Varied Flow: (i) Classification of profiles; (ii) How to determine the surface profile; (iii) Method of solution for the Gradually Varied Flow equation
(j) Critical Depth Meters