Module Title:Aircraft Structures
Language of Instruction:English
Credits: 10
NFQ Level:8
Module Delivered In 1 programme(s)
Teaching & Learning Strategies: The module will be delivered using lectures, tutorials and laboratory sessions to illustrate the concepts under study
Module Aim: To provide the student with: *The skills to analyse the internal effects of forces applied to the members in structures of complex or asymmetric section, as evidenced by the stresses and deformations resulting. *The skills to apply specialised techniques, such as CAD/FEA/CFD, to analyse the behaviour of structural members under load in mechanical and aerospace structural applications.
Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this module the learner should be able to:
LO1 Carry out analysis of the deformation of asymmetric members (such as found in aircraft structures) under load by analytical means. Use specialized analytical techniques such as Mohr’s Circle to produce detailed analyses of structural materials under load. Use the relevant theories of failure as a tool in the design of load-bearing structures
LO2 Understand the mathematical and physical principles underlying the Finite Element Method (FEM) as applied to solid mechanics, thermal analysis and fluid mechanics
LO3 Be able to analyse complex problems (in solid mechanics or thermal analysis) using commercial FEM software packages. Demonstrate the ability to design a component using FEM analysis
LO4 Understand the importance of analysis and design, using the FEM, in the broader context of engineering practice
LO5 Contribute effectively, as an individual and as part of a group, to the planning and realization of investigations in a laboratory environment into the behaviour of structural materials in service. Make clear and effective technical presentations, in terms of form and content, of his/her work
Pre-requisite learning
Module Recommendations

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is recommended before enrolment in this module.

No recommendations listed
Incompatible Modules
These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module.
No incompatible modules listed
Co-requisite Modules
No Co-requisite modules listed
This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed.
No requirements listed

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content
Bending of Asymmetric Sections
*Product second moment of area; *Neutral axis; Maximum stress
Stress Transformations
*Two-dimensional stress; Stress on oblique planes; Mohr’s circle of stress; Principal stresses. *Application to combined bending and shear stress in beams, combined bending and torsion in shafts
Strain Transformations
*Strains on oblique planes; Principal strains; Mohr’s circle of strain; Derivation of principal stresses from principal strains; Strain gauge rosettes
Theories of Elastic Failure
*Theories of elastic failure for ductile and brittle materials - Rankine, St Venant, Von-Mises, Haigh and Modified Mohr’s theory
Eccentric loading of columns
*Eccentricity, types of fixity of columns, effective length, slenderness ratio, buckling of columns, Euler buckling load
Finite Element Analysis
*Introduction to linear Finite Element static and dynamic analysis for discrete and distributed mechanical and aerospace structures. *Structural analysis: Truss 2D and 3D FEM analysis. *Bending of beams using a minimum potential energy approach, analysis of frames (combination of truss and beam analysis) *FEM solution of 1D boundary value problems: weak forms, interpolation, numerical integration, boundary conditions, element calculations, assembly, solution, error analysis, post processing. *Applications to steady-state heat conduction, torsion, etc. *2D solid mechanics problems, linear elasticity, plane stress and plane strain. *3D stress analysis *Transient heat conduction. *Introduction to natural frequencies, modal analysis, transient response. *Introduction to optimization and design, sensitivity analysis, integration of FEM with optimization, applications in the design of solids and structures
Assessment Breakdown%
Continuous Assessment10.00%
End of Module Formal Examination50.00%
Continuous Assessment
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Examination Students will be expected to sit a number of individual written assessments throughout the academic year, typically at the conclusion of one or more learning outcomes 1,2,4 10.00 n/a
No Project
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Practical/Skills Evaluation Students will devote 50% of the course time to Finite Element based laboratory projects throughout the academic year and will produce written reports detailing their findings. Students may be assigned to groups for the execution of some of the laboratory practical work but reports must be submitted on an individual basis 3,4,5 40.00 n/a
End of Module Formal Examination
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Formal Exam Final exam 1,2,3,4 50.00 End-of-Semester

ITCarlow reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment


Module Workload

Workload: Full Time
Workload Type Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Every Week 2.00
Laboratory Every Week 2.00
Independent Learning Time Every Week 3.00
Total Hours 7.00

Module Delivered In

Programme Code Programme Semester Delivery
CW_EEAER_B Bachelor of Engineering (Honours) in Aerospace Engineering 7 Mandatory