Module Title:Physics
Language of Instruction:English
Credits: 10
NFQ Level:6
Module Delivered In No Programmes
Teaching & Learning Strategies: Lectures: A series of lectures, using whiteboard, data projector and video, will initiate and broaden the students’ knowledge of the scientific principles on which aircraft components are based. The initial stages of the module will involve ‘everyday’ science topics. Practicals: A series of demonstrations and practical exercises designed to motivate the interest of the students in learning the scientific principles.
Module Aim: To give the students an understanding of the scientific principles underlying Aircraft Systems and components with emphasis on the underlying principles of Statics, Fluid Dynamics and Thermodynamics.
Learning Outcomes
On successful completion of this module the learner should be able to:
LO1 Describe the nature, structure and properties of the various phases of matter
LO2 Solve simple problems in mechanics, dynamics, fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, light and sound involving simple physical laws
LO3 Perform algebraic manipulations and substitutions of physical formulae to solve problems using appropriate units
LO4 Measure and record experimental data and make appropriate analyses using graphs and/or calculations
LO5 Explain the application of physical laws in the design, construction and operation of aircraft, and the wider aircraft industry
Pre-requisite learning
Module Recommendations

This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is recommended before enrolment in this module.

No recommendations listed
Incompatible Modules
These are modules which have learning outcomes that are too similar to the learning outcomes of this module.
No incompatible modules listed
Co-requisite Modules
No Co-requisite modules listed
This is prior learning (or a practical skill) that is mandatory before enrolment in this module is allowed.
No requirements listed

Module Content & Assessment

Indicative Content
Nature of matter: the chemical elements, structure of atoms, molecules; Chemical compounds. States: solid, liquid and gaseous; Changes between states.
Forces, moments and couples, representation as vectors; Centre of gravity. Elements of theory of stress, strain and elasticity: tension, compression, shear and torsion; Nature and properties of solid, fluid and gas; Pressure and buoyancy in liquids (barometers).
Linear movement: uniform motion in a straight line, motion under constant acceleration (motion under gravity); Rotational movement: uniform circular motion (centrifugal/centripetal forces); Periodic motion: simple harmonic motion; Simple theory of vibration, harmonics and resonance; Velocity ratio, mechanical advantage and efficiency.
Mass Force, inertia, work, power, energy (potential, kinetic and total energy), heat, efficiency; Momentum, conservation of momentum; Impulse; Gyroscopic principles; Friction: nature and effects, coefficient of friction (rolling resistance).
Fluid Dynamics
Specific gravity and density; Viscosity, fluid resistance, effects of streamlining; effects of compressibility on fluids; Static, dynamic and total pressure: Bernoulli's Theorem, venturi.
Temperature: thermometers and temperature scales: Celsius, Fahrenheit and Kelvin; Heat definition. Heat capacity, specific heat; Heat transfer: convection, radiation and conduction; Volumetric expansion; First and second law of thermodynamics; Gases: ideal gases laws; specific heat at constant volume and constant pressure, work done by expanding gas; Isothermal, adiabatic expansion and compression, engine cycles, constant volume and constant pressure, refrigerators and heat pumps; Latent heats of fusion and evaporation, thermal energy, heat of combustion.
Optics (Light)
Nature of light; speed of light; Laws of reflection and refraction: reflection at plane surfaces, reflection by spherical mirrors, refraction, lenses; Fibre optics.
Wave Motion and Sound
Wave motion: mechanical waves, sinusoidal wave motion, interference phenomena, standing waves; Sound: speed of sound, production of sound, intensity, pitch and quality, Doppler effect.
Assessment Breakdown%
Continuous Assessment10.00%
End of Module Formal Examination70.00%
Continuous Assessment
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Other Class test, online test 1,2,3,5 10.00 n/a
No Project
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Practical/Skills Evaluation Practical sessions will be held incorporating demonstrations and individual exercises for each student. The student will be expected to write a report for each demonstration / exercise. Some of these reports may be research–based only. 4 20.00 n/a
End of Module Formal Examination
Assessment Type Assessment Description Outcome addressed % of total Assessment Date
Formal Exam Each student will sit a formal written examination at the end of the module for which a maximum of 70% will be awarded. 1,2,3,5 70.00 End-of-Semester

ITCarlow reserves the right to alter the nature and timings of assessment


Module Workload

Workload: Full Time
Workload Type Frequency Average Weekly Learner Workload
Lecture Every Week 2.50
Practicals Every Week 1.00
Independent Learning Every Week 3.00
Total Hours 6.50